Information boards, containing a brief description of the trail and topographic map thereof, are placed at the starting point of each hiking trail. In the vicinity of the information boards are signposts indicating the way, i.e. direction of the trail. The signposts are shaped as arrows with the tips painted in white and red. The signposts, in-line with the topographical toponyms, contain designations of the destinations, the time required to reach a specific location, (in hours and minutes), and/or the distance to be travelled in kilometres.

The corridor of the High Scardus Trail is logical and easy to follow. A particularly important contribution to ease navigation is the marking of the entire length of the trail. The color scheme of the markings differs in each of the countries: in Macedonia it is a horizontal white and red stripe marking, in Albania the trails are marked with two red and one white strip, and in Kosovo with two white stripes and one red stripe in the middle. Within the residential areas the markings are placed at the corners of houses and courtyards, at courtyard fences and on the wooden street lighting poles. Within the forest zones, the markings are placed along the trail, on the trees and at prominent boulders placed at the sides of the trail. Outside of the forests, in the pasture areas, the markings are placed on stepping-stones or on prominent boulders on the sides of the trail. Please take note that some sequences are shared between different trails, hence, different markings may be seen on the same trail. In essence, the markings are always in a combination of red and white, with the surface stripe markings being most frequently used.

Outside of the forest zone, at the locations where there are no stones and boulders, 1.5m high wooden posts, are used. The upper part of the marking posts is painted (red – white – red).

Signposts (referred to above) are placed at the points where the trails divide, overlap or merge so as to verify the direction and provide information about the remaining time, i.e. distance to a particular location.


The ground of the trails is diverse, depending on the area they pass through. Most often it is a soil ground in parts covered with small or large stones, and in the high mountain areas there are parts where the substrate is grass. Parts of the trail pass through forest belts where vegetation differs from region to region and from the point of altitude. Generally, the substrate is pleasant for movement and offers the possibility of passing 15 to 20 kilometers per day without any effort. In fact, that is the upper limit of the stages/sequences within the High Scardus Trail main route, i.e. it is the distance at which the overnight points are placed.